What are the Different Types of Heart Surgery?

Heart is one of the most important parts of our body and is primarily responsible for pumping blood and distributing oxygen along with other nutrient required for the body throughout the body.  The importance of heart is such that a small dysfunction in heart can disrupt the entire body dynamics.  Is your heart healthy? Know today…….

Located at the center of the chest, underneath the sternum in a thoracic compartment, heart is made up of four chambers-two atrium and two ventricles.  These parts of the heart work continuously to provide the needs of other body parts. Due to the complex functions performed by heart, the chances of defects or disorders are also higher as compared to other organs. In a survey held in 2019, it has been stated that heart diseases are one of the major reasons of death in India. A heart surgery can definitely help in reducing the bad heart conditions and loss of human life.

Types of heart surgery and procedure

There are certain conditions that reduce the efficiency of heart and eventually risk the life of the person such as coronary heart disease, Heart valve disease, atherosclerosis, arrhythmia which could be bradycardia or tachycardia, heart failure, congenital heart defects, dilated cardiomyopathy and many other conditions.   If you are facing one, your doctors might recommend you to have a heart surgery.

CABG Surgery:  Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Types of Heart Surgery-tahindia

Our heart is a muscular organ that continuously pumps blood and also prevents mixing of oxygen rich blood with the oxygen-less blood. The most common type of heart surgery is the CABG surgery which is done to improve the flow of blood to the heart.  Coronary arteries supply your heart muscle with blood. The accumulation of fat in the arteries leads to blockage resulting in reduced flow of blood to the heart. CABG stands for coronary artery bypass graft which is done in the condition of coronary heart disease. This unclogs the clogged parts of the arteries by making use of a blood vessel from another part of the body. In this surgery a blood vessel is taken from another part of the body usually leg or arm and it is attached to the coronary artery above and below the narrowed area or blockage. The new vessel used in this procedure is called as the graft. 

The number of grafts used in the surgery is completely dependent on the severity of blocked arteries. These surgeries can be single graft, double bypass, triple bypass or quadruple bypass depending on the number of arteries blocked. This surgery has an alternative of coronary angioplasty due to the less invasive procedure. The procedure of CABG is a tedious procedure and the duration of the surgery may vary from thirty minutes to 4 hours.  The recovery period for each individual is different however there are certain situation in which patients take time longer than other individuals such as diabetes, hypertension.

Angioplasty

Angioplasty also called as percutaneous coronary interventions or balloon angioplasty. This heart surgery is done with an attached deflated balloon which is inflated to widen the blocked areas. This reduces the interruption to the blood flow and the blood starts flowing back to the source. This is usually done to treat ischemia or blockage in the blood flow. This method also has an alternative known as laser angioplasty in which the catheter has a laser tip which serves the same purpose as the balloon of traditional angioplasty .

Heart replacement surgery

Heart replacement surgery is done in most severe cases wherein the heart of a person has completely stopped working or is about to lose its capacity to perform vital functions. This type of heart surgery requires a healthy heart which is generally taken from patients who want to donate their heart.  The donor heart needs to be checked well and is viable for being a donor only if the body of the acceptor is compatible with the donor. The rate of success in heart surgery is low as compared to other treatments because of the fact that the donor heart compatibility with the recipient body serves the most important part of the procedure.

  • Atherectomy

In this type of heart surgery, a procedure is adopted to open arteries which have been blocked by plaque causing reduced flow of blood to the heart which results in complications. This surgery requires minimal invasion as compared to angioplasty. The doctor uses a catheter and a cutting element is attached at the tip. This cutting tool does the removal of the cholesterol deposits (mostly plaque) . Complications of atherectomy includes abnormal rhythms, adverse reactions or problems related to sedation or other medications, blood clots within clots, chest pain or kidney injury.

The success rates of heart surgery has been in a great numbers over all over the world and has helped in saving a millions of lives. It is very important to take the required heart treatment in time in order to avoid any major health challenge. If you want to get help for any kind of heart surgery, make sure you get in touch with doctors and a reliable team so that you have no worries before or after the surgery.



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