Gastroenterology & Liver Transplant

Liver Transplant Success Rates & Statistics

Liver transplant is also knows as hepatic transplant. Liver being the largest organ of the human body, and being responsible for much critical functionality required for proper functioning of the body requires to be transplanted with a healthy liver. A liver transplant is a surgical procedure that removes a liver which has stopped functioning or working less than usual. In this procedure, a healthy liver is replaced from a living donor with the non functional liver.

Liver transplant is majorly done for people whose liver is not functioning properly. This could happen due to chronic liver failure, alcoholic liver disease, and non alcoholic fatty liver disease. The human liver regenerates and returns to its normal size shortly after surgical removal of part of the organ. This makes living donor liver transplant an alternative to waiting for a deceases donor liver to become available.

Any person having a liver transplant has an 89 percent chance of living after one year. The five year survival rate is seventy five percent. There are certain cases where liver transplant are not successful after a considerable time and it fails causing the original disease to return to its original state.

When do people need a liver Transplant?

Liver failure can happen suddenly which could be due to infection. Common reasons for liver transplant are chronic hepatitis, hepatitis B, autoimmune diseases, NASH (Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis), certain genetic diseases such as Wilson’s disease, hemochromatosis, other diseases of bile duct. Other reasons for liver transplant may include liver cancer. In 2018, 8250 liver transplants were performed, 7849 were from deceases donors and 401 were form living donors.

If a body requires liver transplant, it is a tedious and complicated process. The first and the foremost task of the transplant are finding a healthy and compatible liver. The liver can come from a deceased donor who had a healthy liver. Sometimes a donated liver may be used for two recipients. At least a three week stay in a hospital is required for the transplant.

How can one seek help from Gastroenterology?

Gastroenterologist is the surgeons that perform digestive disorder related surgeries. Along with a hepatologist, gastroenterologists can help in diagnosis and treatment of various disorders/ the surgeons aims at providing the best treatment involving their digestive system, liver and pancreas. In case of major liver diseases, the gastroenterologists perform the pre operative or surgical operation to determine the exact condition of the digestive system and to assess the exact condition of the human body. Gastroenterologists basically treat acute or chronic liver disease ranging from fatty liver disease to cirrhosis to liver cancer. Diseases of liver may be treated by primary care of internal medicine specialists; however gastroenterologists particularly treat conditions with primary focus on the digestive system and related conditions.

Liver transplant is one of the surgeries wherein chances of rejection are a lot. Rejection is largely based on the compatibility of the healthy liver with the deceased body. The basic mechanism of the body whenever a foreign material is injected inside human body, there is a tendency of human body to reject anything which does not belong to his body.

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