Heart valve surgery is used to restore or reinstate diseased heart valves. The blood which flows through diverse chambers should be flow through the heart valve as well. It also flows out of your heart into different large arteries must also flow through a heart valve. These valves open up enough to flow the blood through itself. They then close, keeping blood from flowing backwards. There are 4 valves in your heart are
A) Aortic valve
B) Mitral valve
C) Tricuspid valve
D) Pulmonic valve
Many top heart surgeons will give before the patient’s surgery will give general anaesthesia. The patient will be asleep and unable to feel pain. Then in open heart surgery, the surgeon makes a large surgical cut in your breast bone to reach the heart and aorta. Then the patient is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine. Your heart is stopped while the patient is connected to this machine. This machine does the work of a patient’s heart, providing oxygen and removing carbon dioxide. Simply determined valve surgery is done through much smaller cuts than open surgery, or through a catheter inserted through the skin. The surgeon repairs the ring-like part around the valve by sewing a ring of plastic, cloth, or tissue around the valve. The surgeon trims, shapes, or rebuilds one or more of the leaflets of the valve. The leaflets are flaps that open and close the valve. Valve repair is best for the mitral and tricuspid valves. The aortic valve is usually not repaired.
If the patient’s valve is too damaged, he/she will need a new valve. This is called valve replacement surgery. The surgeon will remove your valve and put a new one in place. The main types of new valves which are made are mechanical and biological. In some cases, surgeons can use the patient’s pulmonic valve to replace the damaged aortic valve. The pulmonic valve is then replaced with an artificial valve. This procedure may be useful for people who do not want to take blood thinners for the rest of their life. However, the new aortic valve does not last very long and may need to be replaced again by either a mechanical or a biologic valve. There are medical tourism agents in India who provides the best top heart surgeons in India.